Hip pain can come from a variety of sources, one of the most common being arthritis, which is an inflammation of the joints. There are many types of of arthritis, but osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis are the typical causes of pain in the hips. In addition to these conditions, people who have had a broken hip or leg bone may also experience chronic pain for months or years after a fracture has healed.
While different types of arthritis have essentially the same results, joint swelling and pain, the degree of discomfort and symptoms is determined by the type of condition someone is suffering from. Osteoarthritis is usually the result of extended pressure and use of particular joints, resulting in the wearing down or degeneration of the joint, cartilage and subchondral bone, the layer of bone just underneath cartilage. This type of arthritis normally shows up in the elderly, although younger people may also suffer from this ailment as well. Someone’s likelihood of developing this form of arthritis is determined by their activities, type of work and heredity.
While osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and the leading cause of chronic disability in the U.S., rheumatoid arthritis is considered worse by many due to the increased level pain, damage it can cause and type of symptoms individuals have to deal with. This condition is actually an autoimmune disease, and someone’s activity and lifestyle may have little impact on their chances of ending up suffering from it. In addition to joints, rheumatoid arthritis may also impact people’s internal organs. It can also lead to loss of mobility if not properly treated.
Breaks or fractures in the hip or upper leg bones may also lead to hip pain, even after extensive amounts of time have passed. There are a variety of reasons for the development of chronic pain after recovering from a broken bone, including bone spurs, nerve damage and imperfect alignment of bones following recovery. Bone spurs are growths of bone that often occur after a break or fracture or as a side effect of arthritis. They can be painful, and the only real way to remove them is through surgery, however, pain resulting from bone spurs can be treated without resorting to anything invasive.
There are a variety of ways to lessen or completely eliminate hip pain, and treatment depends on what is causing the discomfort. For most conditions, people are given painkillers, ranging from over the counter to opioids that block pain receptors in the spinal cord. In addition to pills, there are also spinal nerve blocks, which are injections of pain relieving medications into the area where pain is located. This is usually reserved for people suffering from severe pain. Another treatment option for individuals who are experiencing extreme distress is to implant a device into the spinal cord that reducing the brain’s ability to receive pain signals, although there are side effects such as loss of sensation in certain areas.
Other hip pain management treatments may include anti-inflammatories, which can reduce swelling and associated discomfort, as well as joint supplements to help prevent bone and cartilage from grinding against each other.
Whatever the reason for your hip pain, there are a variety of treatment options available to you, irrespective of if your discomfort is chronic or constant.